Important Expert Tips For Organizations to Avoid Getting Hacked

Important Expert Tips For Organizations to Avoid Getting Hacked

2017 was one of the most awful years on record for cybersecurity. Organizations encountered some of the worst and dangerous cyber-attacks, some even more sophisticated. Be that as it may, while every data cost the organization an average of $1.3 million, this thought them all about IT geniuses and security. The typical measures to prevent hackers wasn’t enough.

As reported in Biz Journal, Shivaun Albright, HP’s chief technologist for printing security solutions, shared how to do just that. By using Stuart Coulson’s Seven Levels of Hacking, she explained who these bad actors are and what to look out for.

“If you really understood the motives of hackers,” Shivaun said, “Then you and your clients would be more proactive in protecting themselves.”

Know the 7 levels of hacking

Script kiddies:

A script kiddie is an amateur hacker who leverages existing scripts to hack for fun, for the thrill, and for recognition. Generally, this type of hacker employs rudimentary programming skills and often doesn’t cause too much damage—but they can still cause plenty of frustration.

The hacking group:

Think of a hacking group as a team of script kiddies. What they lack in sophistication, they make up for in numbers. A hacking group is capable of causing more serious damage and disruption.


Unlike cyber criminals who hack for thrill or money, hacktivists act with a moral, social, or political motivation. Anonymous is one example of a high-profile hacktivist organization.

Black-hat professionals:

Black-hat pros are highly sophisticated hackers seeking to penetrate more challenging “big fish” targets, such as government bodies and large businesses. Often, these hackers aren’t looking to cause destruction, but develop new methods and means of cyber-attacks or steal valuable data.
Organized criminal gangs: Organized criminal hacker gangs are highly strategic groups typically led by a professional, seasoned criminal – like if Al Capone was alive today and had expert programming skills. These hackers strive to fly under the radar of law enforcement and are typically seeking monetary gain.

Nation states:

Massive computing power and practically unlimited funds are what make a nation-state hackers the most dangerous. Targets often include the military, critical public infrastructures, and major industries, like utilities or financial sectors.

The automated tool:

The final and most dangerous of the seven levels of hacking isn’t a person but a piece of software. This worm or virus-like tool can cause unprecedented amounts of damage in a short time frame and can be leveraged by any of the previous six types of hackers.

Preventing hackers at every level

Every hacker, no matter how skilled, starts by finding the weakest entry point. In some cases, this could be an unsuspecting employee or a vulnerable endpoint. There are two primary ways you can keep their organizations from falling prey to the majority of hackers out there:

Educate all employees on these threats and their responsibilities in preventing hackers—such as keeping passwords updated and identifying and reporting any suspicious communications.

Let all the employees read about this threat and their responsibility about this danger and their obligations in identifying and reporting suspicious behaviour.

Secure all endpoints—even often overlooked ones, like printers.

2017 was crammed with cybercrime, and 2018 hasn’t been great either. You can just expect hackers will turn out to be more adroit and their tools more powerful. By attempting to comprehend the dangers your organization faces and securing each endpoint, you can minimize the risk of being the next victim.

Kevin Jones951 Posts

Kevin Jones, Ph.D., is a research associate and a Cyber Security Author with experience in Penetration Testing, Vulnerability Assessments, Monitoring solutions, Surveillance and Offensive technologies etc. Currently, he is a freelance writer on latest security news and other happenings. He has authored numerous articles and exploits which can be found on popular sites like and others.


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